APECAFORM (the Maya-Mam Association of Smallholder Organic Coffee Farmers) was established in 1992, with aid from the Catholic diocese in Guatemala, as part of an initiative to support the development of local, small-scale coffee farmers. APECAFORM members are 100% small-scale farmers upholding their Mayan roots, including deep respect for the land and holistic and organic farming practices, and preserving traditional culture and language. The majority of their members speak Mam, one of more than 20 languages spoken in Guatemala.
The APECAFORM office is located in Pueblo Nuevo, the most centrally located of their communities, nestled in between the Tajomulco and Tacana volcanoes in the department of San Marcos. Pueblo Nuevo is a two-hour drive to the closest commercial center, the city of Malacatan, and on average, a 2.5-hour walk from the remaining communities. Five community centers have been established across the APECAFORM region, where coffee is collected for transport to warehouse or further processing, training courses are offered to members, and planning and feedback meetings with community representatives are held. Organic promoters from the communities work with their respective farmer groups to assure that best organic agricultural practices are being implemented, quality control measures are being utilized to guarantee best final product, and that the organizational and social agreements are being respected in the communities.
In 1996, the umbrella organization Manos Campesinas was formed to handle the logistics of contracts and exporting for APECAFORM and other producer organizations in the areas of San Marcos, Quetzaltenango and Retalhuleu y Solola, and, in 1997, was certified in the International Fairtrade Organization registry. APECAFORM was the first organization to export fair trade organic coffee under their new export organization, Manos Campesinas.
Today, with the strategic credit partnership between Root Capital, APECAFORM, their parent organization Manos Campesnias, and fair trade importers such as Cooperative Coffees, producers continue to increase their sales of organic, fair trade coffee into international, specialty coffee markets.
Other achievements include: the purchase of land and construction of a central warehouse in Malacatan; the creation of a community fund to help finance their system of organic technicians and coordinators; and the development of on-site demonstration and experimental plots – where farmers see and learn about best production practices and test new varietals in their own geographical and climatic context before launching into renovation plans promoted from a distant laboratory.
Asociacion de Pequeños Caficultores Organicos Mayas-Mames
- FLO ID#: 711-S
- Total Bags Purchased: 19311
- Partner Since: 2002
- Founded: 1992
- Total Members: 227
- Total Hectares: 217.82
- Organic Members: 221
- Female Members: 58
- Avg Farm Size: 0.96 ha
- Organic Hectares: 217.82
- Fulltime Agronomists: 3
- Harvest: Dec-Mar
- Elevation: 922-2176 m
- 35% Catimor
- 17% Caturra
- 16% Bourbon
- 15% Sarchimor
- 10% Catuai
- 7% Typica
Social Premium Investment: 2019 Crop Year
Fair Trade Certification guarantees 20 cents/lb of the price paid a producer organization is set aside as a social premium. How this money is invested is a decision taken collectively by the general assembly of members at the end of each harvest. Below is a break down of how producers in this organization chose to spend their fair trade premium.
Community Development Governance and community development in the organization. Also for road maintenance.
Additional Income Additional payment to farmers per quintal of coffee delivered with an explicit agreement that it will be reinvested in farm operations to improve productivity and coffee quality.
Improve Yields Purchase of organic farm supplies for fertilization, pest control (broca) and disease management. Also for the upkeep of equipment.
Operations Cover operations and administration costs .